Skip to main content

Centrifugal Pumps - Typical Types Include Influent, Effluent, and Booster

Required Drive Features:

The drive can control the rate of acceleration and deceleration of the motor and load. These features control the amount of time the drive takes to increase or decrease the output during speed control.

Each application has specific requirements for I/O. Analog I/O is generally used to read process signals and output signals proportional to drive status. Analog I/O is generally Voltage (0-10V) or Current (0(4)-20mA). The type and number required by the application must match the drive.

Applications that involve multiple drives or drives controlled by PLC or other supervisory device often require communications via a defined network.

Some applications have mechanical resonance points that cause the mechanics (shafts, belts, etc.) to oscillate. These oscillations can rapidly cause mechanical failure.

Each application has specific requirements for I/O. Digital I/O is generally used to control the drive (Start, Stop, Jog, etc.) and annunciate the drive status.

Many fan or pump installations have a wide spectrum of flow variations. These include water and sewage systems, process, and other industrial applications. Excellent flow control can be achieved by using a variable speed drive on one fan or pump and using the drive to control other units at fixed speed.

Motors are rated by the manufacturer for the voltage resistance of the insulation system. If this insulation system voltage is too low, voltage reflection from the drive could cause motor failure. This is particularly important if the motor is a long distance from the drive and if the motor is an older motor being retained for the application.

An internal function provides closed loop process control with proportional, integral and derivative (PID) control. The PID function reads an analog input to the drive and compares it to a desired setpoint. The PID loop adjusts the drive output frequency (and therefore the process) to make the input value equal the setpoint.

Applications that control a continuous process cannot afford to stop because of short power outages or dips. The process must continue to run through these outages, typically 2 to 3 cycles long.

A drive is typically speed controlled using a potentiometer or analog input device. If specific repeatable speeds are required, parameters can be used to preset operation of the drive at a pre-determined speed using a digital input.

Applications with significant inertia and low friction tend to coast when stop commands, power interruptions or fault conditions occur. Many of these application require that when the condition disappears, the load must be reconnected at the 'coasting' speed / direction and returned to normal operation.

All applications operate over a given speed range, defined as the ratio of maximum continuous speed to minimum continuous speed.

Applications that do not require significantly more torque than the original motor rating can most often be addressed by a drive using V/Hz algorithms. Loads, such as centrifugal fans and pumps or simple conveyors, are difficult to overload and therefore do not require the performance of other motor control algorithms. Simply maintaining a fixed ratio between drive output voltage and frequency is sufficient.

Applications that depend on accurate speed to accomplish the task require a drive that can control or 'regulate' speed.

Recommended Choice: ABB ACS150 Series

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Banner Engineering DF-G3 Discrete Fiber Amplifier Features World-Class Long Range Sensing Capability

Banner Engineering introduces its DF-G3 discrete long-range fiber amplifier with dual digital displays for use with plastic and glass fiber optic assemblies. Featuring increased sensing power, the DF-G3 can sense more than 3 meters (10 ft.) with opposed mode fibers or more than 1 meter (3 ft.) with diffuse mode fibers. The extra power provides increased detection reliability for dark targets at long range and enhanced detection sensitivity when using specialty fiber assemblies for large area and small part detection applications.

The DF-G3 is available with a single discrete output or two dual discrete outputs. The dual discrete outputs can be independently taught to trigger at different intensity values, which is ideal for correct part-in-place or error-proofing, bottle down, and edge guiding applications.

“We developed the DF-G3 fiber amplifier to meet our customers’ need to precisely detect smaller targets at longer ranges” said Dennis Smith, Senior Marketing Manager, Banner Engin…

IDEC Releases New Line of High Efficiency Power Supplies

IDEC Corporation announces the PS5R-V line of DIN-rail power supplies, offering their customers high-efficiency in a compact form factor at competitive prices. These power supplies suit a wide range of needs in the industrial marketplace, and carry all of the required certifications necessary for use in these demanding applications. This next generation of the industry standard PS5R power supply family has updated features and specifications to meet current and future needs.

The PS5R-V line of power supplies includes 10W, 15W, 30W, 60W and 120W versions, with additional versions coming soon. These power supplies have a very compact form factor with overall dimensions reduced by up to 25% from previous generations. The reduced form factors combine with DIN-rail mounting to free up valuable control panel space and reduce installation costs.

Operating temperature ranges up to -25 to +75 degrees C offer more versatility. These extended operating temperature ranges often allow these power…

TURCK M8 CORDSETS WITH 100 PERCENT SHIELDING OPTION PROTECT AGAINST EMI/RFI

TURCK is now offering the option to completely shield M8 picofast ® cordsets by connecting a braided shield directly to the coupling nut. This provides a cost-effective and reliable connection with 100 percent cable and connector shielding, which protects against electromagnetic and radio frequency interference.

The 3 and 4-pin cordsets are available with flexlife ® PVC or PUR jacketed cable. All connectors deliver IEC IP 67 protection.

The M8 picofast line, like most TURCK cordsets, provides male or female, straight and right angle connectors, standard and custom lengths, and pigtails or extensions. Fully encapsulated mating receptacles are also offered, completing the system.